The search for the fundamental principles which frame society and hold it together has once again taken on a new urgency in these times of crisis. For this reason, the specialist labour and social law panel of Germany's Society for Comparative Law (Gesellschaft für Rechtsvergleichung) brought to its 35th conference in 2015 a group of scholars from different parts of the world in order to investigate the significance of religion for today's labour and social security laws.The resulting volume starts with a general overview of the impact of religion, economics, and politics on welfare states. The case studies that follow set out the models found in different countries: the corporatist welfare state in Germany that grants various religious groups special roles, France's laicist system, Sweden, where the state did not say farewell to the national church until the start of the millennium, and the USA, where churches are not deployed to achieve state objectives, but where religious freedom is protected. Turkey and Israel are also included to illustrate two countries whose jurisdictions reflect non-Christian religious orientations. Each report deals with fundamental principles on the one hand, and specific problems pertaining to labour and social law that involve a religious element on the other. With contributions by:Jörg Althammer, Rachel Barag-Hirshberg, Gwenola Bargain, Tankut Centel, Reinhold Fahlbeck, Thomas Kohler, Achim Seifert
Although termed "the little Genesis", the Book of Jubilees is significantly engaged with Exodus. It reworks key Exodus narratives, develops modules of Exodus law, and highlights Exodus motifs. The most fundamental connection to Exodus is the grounding of the two narrational structures of Jubilees in the scenario of Moses receiving a revelation on Mt. Sinai. In the frame an anonymous narrator develops the Mt. Sinai setting of the work. In the body an angel employs that setting as the present-time pivot for a retrospect that moves backward and forward in time.Focusing on the intersection of structure and content, the study explores the relationship between the retrospective design of the angel narration and the exegesis. The approach is a literary one that treats Jubilees as a unitary text that may reflect the work of a single author or of a final editor. The analysis draws particular attention to manipulations of temporal and textual perspective that transform Exodus narratives, facilitate the hermeneutical elaborations of Exodus law, and effect cohesion in the revelation that is the Book of Jubilees.Halpern-Amaru's study makes a significant contribution to our understanding of biblical interpretation in Second Temple Judaism. For example, the reading of the Jubilees narrative of the exodus as a revelation of how God uses His heavenly forces, i.e., Mastema and his demons as well as the angels of the presence, on behalf of Israel, has implications for the understanding of strategies that temper dualism in Second Temple Judaism.
On May 14, 1948 the State of Israel was declared, announced by David Ben-Gurion at a small gathering that assembled in the main hall of the Tel Aviv Art Museum. Within a time frame of only nineteen years, culminating in the Six-Day War, Israel fought three separate wars and within its first four years, thanks to mass immigration, its population doubled. This book provides a succinct and highly readable overview of one of the most critical periods in Israel´s short history, during which the country´s nature and character were moulded. From its inception, the state had been confronted with acute economic difficulties, intra Jewish ethnic tensions, a problematic Arab minority and a secular-religious divide. Apart from defence issues, Israel faced a generally hostile or, at best, indifferent international community rendering it hard pressed in securing great power patronage or even official sympathy and understanding. Based on a wide range of sources, both in Hebrew and English, this book contains a judicious synthesis of the received literature to yield the general reader and student alike a reliable, balanced, and novel account of Israel´s fateful and turbulent infancy.
Good Figs, Bad Figs begins by reviewing how the Old Testament depicts YHWH exercising judgment in Israel. Three broad categories of judicial action are identified: selective, unselective, and national. It is noted that more than one of these may be juxtaposed within the same text, and that each is a corollary of a wider theological frame of reference. The rest of the study focuses on the concept of judicial differentiation in the book of Jeremiah. Jeremiah 1 - 20 announce wrath upon all Judah, while chs. 30 - 33 prophesy restoration for the entire Diaspora. Elsewhere, however, YHWH's judicial action is more nuanced. Jer. 21 - 24 differentiates between those who stay in Jerusalem and those who surrender (21.1-10), between Israel's leaders and people (23.1-8), and between the exiles and non-exiles (24.1-10). Jeremiah 27 - 29 also distinguishes between exiled and non-exiled communities, but adds a 'people and prophets' polarity. Finally, Jer. 37 - 45 offers hope to those who surrender (38.1-3) or remain in the land (42.1-22), alongside salvation oracles for two individuals who do not conform to these conditions (39.15-18; 45.1-5). Three main conclusions are drawn. Firstly, the polarities of judgment and salvation in Jer. are more varied than has generally been appreciated. Secondly, this diversity of perspective is theologically significant; it is suggested that each polarity offers a valid though incomplete lens through which to interpret God's judicial action. Thirdly, the concepts of judicial differentiation and non-differentiation may offer a helpful framework in which to read the book of Jeremiah as a whole.
These two volumes collect forty-four selected papers from the scientific contributions presented at the Third European Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics, held in Granada (Spain), April 19&#8211;22, 1998. Ninety-nine scientists from Bulgaria, Columbia, Cuba, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Ki- dom, Uruguay and Venezuela attended the workshop, discussing the state of the art, new trends, and future evolution of the methods and applications. The workshop took place at the &#8216;Los Alixares&#8217; Hotel, where 45 lectures were given by prominent members of the scientific community; in addition, 49 posters were presented in two very animated sessions. The success of this workshop is due, without doubt, to the excellent tradition initiated at the previous workshops, organised by Prof. R. McWeeny in San Miniato, Pisa (Italy), 1996, and by Prof. S. Wilson in Oxford (United Kingdom), 1997. These workshops create occasions for meetings and disc- sions on the current state of the art, emerging methods and applications and new trends in this area of science. The three meetings were sponsored and partially supported by the European Union (EU) in the frame of the Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) chemistry actions.
What, in Judaism - a religion so concerned with social norms and public policy - can we possibly mean by 'law'? That is the thoroughly fresh perspective with which this work commences. It proceeds with two chapters on Second Temple Judaism, and two on the special subject of the Dead Sea library. Learning withers when criticism is substituted by political consensus, and when other than broadly accepted viewpoints find a hearing only with difficulty, if at all. The editors, therefore, invited colleagues from the USA, Europe, and the State of Israel to systematically outline their views in one account and set it alongside contrary ones. The several participants explain how, in broad and sweeping terms, they see the state of learning in their areas of special interest.The volume provides first an overview, followed by a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus. In a number of accounts, the different perspectives are presented in scholarly debate. *** Because of the willingness of contending parties to meet one another in a single frame of discourse, the work is able to portray with considerable breadth the presently contending viewpoints concerning the use of Rabbinical literature for historical purposes. *** Besides this sustained and vigorous debate, precipitated by historical-critical reading of the rabbinical literature, other issues have attracted attention, such as, for example, feminist interests.
&#8220;Israel is a beautiful country. You wouldn&#8217;t know that from watching the evening news, but in Passage to Israel you will experience Israel&#8217;s gorgeous natural beauty and its stunning architecture, both ancient and modern.&#8221; &#8212;William Meyers, photography critic, Wall Street Journal Bursting with lush, vibrant photographs, Passage to Israel is a timeless tribute to one of the world&#8217;s most soulful, resolute, and newsworthy countries. Divided into sections on Land, Light, Life, and Soul, the stunning images featured inside capture Israel&#8217;s glorious landscapes, its city life, its culture, and its people. From an enchanting sunset over the Dead Sea to the lively city life of Tel Aviv, from colorful marketeers to families in prayer at the Western Wall, this incredible volume moves beyond the typical postcard images of the country to showcase the character of its people and the sanctity of the land they are so resolute in preserving. Contributors to Passage to Israel include thirty-four innovative and groundbreaking photographers, and nearly two hundred of their images are featured inside. Also included are a moving foreword by acclaimed activist Chloé Simone Valdary and an enlightening introduction by the author&#8212;a renowned cultural critic and curator&#8212;that provide a fascinating frame for the photographs. For a country roughly the size of New Jersey and only formally declared a state in 1948, Israel is easily the world&#8217;s most controversial land. It regularly faces violent attacks and political pressure, yet its people refuse to be silenced. They will protect their borders and they will continue to persevere. For those who&#8217;ve been to Israel and those who&#8217;ve yet to make the trip, here, at last, is a truly immersive experience, an inspiring visual connection to a remarkable, but faraway land.
On May 14, 1948 the State of Israel was declared, announced by David Ben-Gurion at a small gathering that assembled in the main hall of the Tel Aviv Art Museum. Within a time frame of only nineteen years, culminating in the Six-Day War, Israel fought three separate wars. But within its first four years, thanks to mass immigration, its population doubled. Furthermore, Israel had been confronted with acute economic difficulties, intra Jewish ethnic tensions, a problematic Arab minority and a secular-religious divide. Apart from defence issues, Israel faced a generally hostile or, at best, indifferent international community rendering it hard pressed in securing great power patronage or even official sympathy and understanding. Based on a wide range of sources, both in Hebrew and English, this book contains a judicious synthesis of the received literature to yield the general reader and student alike a reliable, balanced, and novel account of Israel's fateful and turbulent infancy.
Scholars from eight countries describe in this interdisciplinary and internationally oriented book trends in Democratization, Europeanization, and Globalization. The subjects covered include authoritarianism, political socialization and education as well as communications, youth, and social policy matters. Political system level developments are described in Poland, Russia, Germany, Israel, and Palestine. Childhood and youth policies issues include cultural genocide in Australia, democratic childrearing, and children's rights. Tolerance building, multiple identity formation, and electronic media are aspects of political socialization and education. Authoritarianism impacts education, voting patterns, and the new anti-Semitism. Topics under Europeanization include website use, press reporting, national versus European identity, US-EU relations, and framing the Euro. Contents: Daniel German: Introduction: Political Socialization Research - State of the Science/Art: National and Cross-National Developments in Integrating Psycho-Political-Sociological Educational Inquiry into Political Change and Continuity - Russell Farnen: Politics: Introduction - Marek Payerhin: Frame Globally, Block Locally: Ecological Direct Action and Democratization in Poland - Henk Dekker/Arie in 't Veld: The Internet and Political Socialization: Political Party Websites and Their Effectiveness - Astrid Schütz/Janine Hertel/Tobias Schulze: Rise and Fall of a Political Leader: Helmut Kohl - Batya Weinbaum: Utopian and Dystopian Moments: Unintended Impacts of Women in Black Organization, Palestine/Israel - Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz/Longin Pastusiak/Daniel German: Political Transformations in Russia and Poland: Comparative Perspectives on Political Socialization and Culture - Heinz Sünker: Childhood and Youth Policy: Introduction - Doris Bühler-Niederberger: The Political Order of Childhood: Children in Political Programs, Germany from Empire to Reunion - Robert van Krieken: When is Child Welfare Cultural Genocide? On the Politics of the Organized 'Improvement' of Children's Lives - Heinz Sünker: Childhood Politics, Children's Rights, and Societal Future - Russell Farnen: Political Socialization and Education: Introduction - Ruth Firer: From Peace Making to Tolerance Building - Armin Bernhard: 'Multiple Identity' as a New Ideal Personality: Social Scientific Discourse About Identity and Possible Consequences for Education and Pedagogy - Mary Hepburn: Electronic Media and Political Socialization in the USA