The conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians is technically 69 years old and counting, but it has its roots in over 2,000 years of history. With so much time and history, the Middle East peace process has become laden with unique, politically sensitive concepts like the right of return, contiguous borders, secure borders, demilitarized zones, and security requirements, with players like the Quartet, Palestinian Authority, Fatah, Hamas, the Arab League and Israel. Over time, it has become exceedingly difficult for even sophisticated political pundits and followers to keep track of it all. Nearly a century before the state of Israel was founded in 1948, Palestine was under the control of the Ottoman Turkish Empire, consisting mostly of Arabs. During the 1850s, Jews began settling in small villages across the lands that once comprised Judea and Samaria, which the Jews considered their ancient Biblical homeland. These efforts to buy property were driven by the motivation of some Jews to help reestablish the land as the Jewish homeland. These Jews became known as Zionists, in reference to Zion, which is often thought of as a reference to all of Israel but is in fact a reference to part of Jerusalem. The Zionists attempted to establish a Jewish National Fund that would assist Jews in buying land in Palestine for Jewish settlement. In the middle of World War I, the British pledged their support to the Zionist cause and the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine through the Balfour Declaration of November 1917. At the time, the British realized the strategic importance of Palestine because it was near the Suez Canal, and they saw the Zionists as potentially helpful allies in the region following the war. British foreign secretary Arthur James Balfour sent a letter to Lord Rothschild on November 2, 1917, declaring the government’s “sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations,” and favoring “the establishment in Palestine of a National Home f 1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/100730/bk_acx0_100730_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
There is startling evidence that we were visited by intelligent beings in the ancient past. Why were they here and what was their agenda? Zecharia Sitchin is the author of the hugely successful book series The Earth Chronicles. Join this amazing scholar of ancient mysteries as he makes a scientific and scholarly argument for ancient alien visits to Earth. Sitchin was born in Russia, raised in Palestine, and graduated from the University of London. He worked for years as a journalist and editor in Israel before settling in New York. Sitchin, like Velikovsky and Von Daniken, gives a compelling and entertaining presentation detailing evidence that ancient aliens from other worlds have not only visited the earth but plan to return. Sitchin's theories are based on his belief that some ancient myths are not myths at all but historical and scientific texts. According to Sitchin, the ancient Sumerian clay tablets discovered in the early 1900s reveal that gods from another planet called "Nibiru" arrived on Earth some 450,000 years ago. The ancient Sumerians knew of this planet of the gods, that Sitchin termed the "12th Planet". Learn of a time when there were extraterrestrials among us and how they helped advance our civilization, as well as how they plan to return in the future. Also featuring Jason Martell of the hit History Channel show Ancient Aliens. Over five hours of ancient aliens! 1. Language: English. Narrator: Zecharia Sitchin, Jason Martell. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/real/000243/bk_real_000243_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
“The Boers were hostile toward indigenous African peoples, with whom they fought frequent range wars, and toward the government of the Cape, which was attempting to control Boer movements and commerce. They overtly compared their way of life to that of the Israel patriarchs of the Bible, developing independent patriarchal communities based upon a mobile pastoralist economy. Staunch Calvinists, they saw themselves as the children of God in the wilderness, a Christian elect divinely ordained to rule the land and the backward natives therein. By the end of the 18th century the cultural links between the Boers and their urban counterparts were diminishing, although both groups continued to speak a type of Flemish.” (Encyclopaedia Britannica)The Boer War was the defining conflict of South African history and one of the most important conflicts in the history of the British Empire. In fact, the European history of South Africa began with the 1652 arrival of a small Dutch flotilla in Table Bay, which made landfall with a view to establishing a victualing station to service passing Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) ships. The Dutch at that point largely dominated the East Indian Trade, and it was their establishment of the settlement of Kaapstad, or Cape Town, that set in motion the lengthy and often turbulent history of South Africa.For over a century, the Cape remained a Dutch East India Company settlement, and in the interests of limiting expenses, strict parameters were established to avoid the development of a colony. As religious intolerance in Europe drove a steady trickle of outward emigration, however, Dutch settlers began to informally expand beyond the Cape, settling the sparsely inhabited hinterland to the north and east of Cape Town. In their wake, towards the end of the 17th century, followed a wave of French Huguenot immigrants, fleeing a renewal of anti-Protestantism in Europe. They were integrated over 1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/148216/bk_acx0_148216_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Jews from the former Soviet Union embody one of the best qualified migration groups worldwide. Regardless of their settling in North America, Israel or Europe they are marked by many graduates, professionals, and intellectuals. Dynamic social mobility, cultural assertiveness and a huge degree of politicization are hallmarks of those scientists, doctors, engineers and artists turning away from the country of Tolstoi, Sacharow and Putin. This book provides sociological insights on how immigrated Russian Jewish elites manage their new life in both countries, how they aim for achievements and key positions, and how they light the discussion on collective identity. For years, the author did research among Russian Jewish immigrants in Israeli and German towns who try the balancing act between integration and self assertion, who intervene in politics, search for their Jewish roots and challenge the religious establishments. Olaf Glöckner also poses the question of the immigrants' long-term impacts on Israeli society and on German-Jewish community life. Finally he shows that the contemporary Russian-Jewish Diaspora is an astonishing multifaceted world.
The final settlement of the Palestinian refugees and the end of their suffering is still the most intense dimension of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. The question of settling the refugees dimension of the conflict between Israel and Palestine has been placed in the heart of the Oslo Agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). It is therefore, re-addressing the Palestinian refugees issues including their scope and history, their loss of property and uprooting complexity, modalities of implementing their right to return , and determining the scope and mode of compensation for their loss, are central to the search for a solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. By the end of the war in 1949 and the conclusion of separate Armistice Agreements between Israel on one hand and Jordan, Egypt and Syria, on the other, some 800,000 Palestinians were forcefully uprooted from their homes and scattered in various places in Palestine and other surrounding countries away from their homes. In December 1948 the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 194 (III) of December 1948 concerning the right of the Palestinian refugees to return to their home in Palestin
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Vadim Milov (born 1 August 1972, Russia) is a Russian born Israeli Swiss Grandmaster of chess. Following the collapse of the USSR he moved to Israel, before finally settling in Switzerland in 1996. Recent tournament successes include joint first places at Santo Domingo 2003, Geneva 2004, the 2005 U.S. Open and Gibraltar 2009. He also won the Corsica Masters International Rapid 2005 by defeating Viswanathan Anand in the finals.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Territorialism was a Jewish political movement calling for creation of a sufficiently large and compact Jewish territory (or territories), not necessarily in the Land of Israel and not necessarily fully autonomous. Before 1905 some Zionist leaders took seriously proposals for Jewish homelands in places other than Palestine. Theodor Herzl''s Der Judenstaat argued for a Jewish state in either Palestine, "our ever-memorable historic home", or Argentina, "one of the most fertile countries in the world". Many of the socialist Zionist groups were more territorialist than Zionist, such as Nachman Syrkin''s Zionist Socialist Workers Party (the Z.S.). The Jewish Colonization Association, created on 1891 by the Baron Maurice de Hirsch, was aimed at facilitating mass emigration of Jews from Russia and other Eastern European countries, by settling them in agricultural colonies on lands purchased by the committee, particularly in North and South America (especially Argentina).
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Hila Bronstein (born July 26, 1983 in Tel Aviv, Israel) is a Israeli-German singer and songwriter, who rose to fame as a member of the R&B/Pop group Bro'Sis. She's currently working on a solo career. Bronstein was the second daughter born to an Israeli drummer, Amir Bronstein, and his wife, African singer Mary-Christine, in Tel Aviv. In 1985, at the age of two, Hila's family left the country to move to Amsterdam, Netherlands, before eventually settling down in Frankfurt am Main, Germany the year after. Although being raised as a Jew and growing up near Jewish institutions, Bronstein and her sister Karen went to public schools.
This insightful volume presents important new findings about parenting and parent-child relationships in ethnic and racial minority immigrant families. Prominent scholars in diverse fields focus on families from a wide range of ethnicities settling in Canada, China, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United States. Each chapter discusses parenting and parent-child relationships in a broader cultural context, presenting within-group and cross-cultural data that provide readers with a rich understanding of parental values, beliefs, and practices that influence children's developmental outcomes in a new country. For example, topics of investigation include cultural variation in the role of fathers, parenting of young children across cultures, the socialization of academic and emotional development, as well as the interrelationships among stress, acculturation processes, and parent-child relationship dynamics. This timely reference: - explores immigration and families from a global, multidisciplinary perspective, - focuses on immigrant children and youth in the family context, - challenges long-held assumptions about parenting and immigrant families, - bridges the knowledge gap between immigrant and non-immigrant family studies, - describes innovative methodologies for studying immigrant family relationships, and - establishes the relevance of these data to the wider family literature. Parental Roles and Relationships in Immigrant Families is not only useful to researchers and to family therapists and social workers attending to immigrant families, but also highly informative for persons interested in shaping immigration policy at the local, national, and global levels.